Even-tempered, loyal and affectionate, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi originally was used as a drover and farm dog in Cardiganshire in 1200 B.C. Mostly a companion dog today, the Cardigan is small but capable of great power, speed and endurance. This breed can adapt well to city or country life if provided daily exercise. His double coat requires regular brushing.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an enthusiastic, eager-to-please little dog that thrives on companionship. This breed was a pet to many royals including Charles I and Queen Victoria. A descendant of hunting dogs, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel loves to romp outdoors. The breed needs moderate exercise, and his feathered coat requires regular grooming.
Keen and alert with a balanced temperament, the Cesky Terrier is a pack hunter developed in the Czech Republic. This well-muscled, short-legged breed is a loyal, loving family companion but needs continued socialization due to his reserved nature with strangers. Though not as excitable as other terriers, the Cesky still will chase something of interest. The breed requires regular exercise, and his fine coat needs moderate grooming with monthly clippings.
A muscular breed with a slightly wavy coat, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever is known for his determination and perseverance even in icy waters. This retriever is an affectionate family dog that is particularly good with children, though he can be more aggressive than other retrievers. The Chessie needs vigorous daily exercise to stay fit. His harsh, oily double coat repels water and requires little grooming.
The Chihuahua sports a big attitude in a petite body. One of the most widely-recognized “purse dogs,” this toy breed rules homes and hearts with his loyalty, charm and confidence.
A slender, fine-boned toy breed, the Chinese Crested is believed to have descended from African hairless dogs. For centuries, the breed accompanied Chinese sailors on the high seas, and sailors frequently traded puppies with local merchants at port cities around the world. Elegant and graceful, the Chinese Crested is a gay, lively dog that makes a playful, loving companion. The breed comes in two coat varieties -- hairless and powderpuff -- both which shed little to no hair.
An ancient breed, the Chinese Shar-Pei has existed in China since 200 B.C. Developed as a multipurpose farm dog, he is noted for his keen intelligence and stubborn nature. He is a quick learner and benefits from early training, socialization and daily exercise. The Chinese Shar-Pei can be aloof and standoffish with strangers but is a devoted family dog. His short, harsh coat requires little grooming.
Developed as a sled dog, the Chinook is known for his speed, endurance and athleticism. In the early 1900s, Arthur Treadwell Walden created the breed on his New Hampshire farm using a Mastiff-type dog, Greenland Husky, and German and Belgian Shepherds. This versatile breed enjoys hiking, backpacking, jogging, and skijoring with his owners. The Chinook’s thick coat provides protection and requires little grooming.
A regal breed with strong muscles and heavy bone, the Chow Chow is an ancient breed from northern China. Though affectionate and devoted to his family, the Chow Chow is somewhat independent and stubborn. An excellent guard dog, the Chow Chow requires early socialization, training and daily exercise. The breed’s thick double coat requires regular grooming and bathing.
An ancient Sicilian breed, the Cirneco dell’Etna originated 2,500 years ago as a hardy hunting dog in Egypt before being transported to the Mediterranean basin by the Phoenicians. The breed, whose origins are similar to those of the Pharaoh Hound, evolved by adapting to the environment. Friendly and affectionate, the Cirneco dell’Etna is an excellent family companion. The breed’s intelligent and inquisitive nature makes daily physical exercise and mental stimulation a must. His sleek coat only needs occasional grooming.
The Clumber Spaniel is an intelligent and determined dog with a long, low build and slow, rolling gait. The Clumber originated in 18th-century France where he was coveted for his superb hunting ability. Gentle, loyal and affectionate, the Clumber does well with families and other animals. He is enthusiastic about work and play. Clumbers prefer daily walks to heavy exercise. Their dense coats require daily brushing.
The smallest sporting breed, the Cocker Spaniel is an intelligent, merry dog capable of considerable speed and endurance. Gentle, affectionate and playful, the Cocker Spaniel has a unique capacity to connect with humans, making him an excellent companion. This active breed needs daily exercise. His silky coat requires daily brushing and a trim every few months.